Complete list of Scientific Instruments

list of Scientific Instruments

Complete list of Scientific Instruments

This post contains the list of scientific Instruments. So, Why do we need a Scientific Instrument?

Scientific Instrument is a device or tool used for scientific purposes, including the study of both natural phenomena and theoretical research.

AltimeterMeasures altitude
AmmeterMeasures strength of electric current
AnemometerMeasures force and velocity of wind and directions
AudiometerMeasures intensity of sound
BarographContinuous recording of Atmospheric pressure
BarometerMeasures atmospheric Pressure
BinocularsTo view distant objects
BolometerTo measure heat radiation
CallipersMeasures inner and outer diameters of bodies
CalorimeterMeasures Quantities of Heat
Cardiograma record of muscle activity within the heart made by a cardiograph
Cathetometera telescope mounted on a graduated scale, used for accurate measurement of small vertical distances
Chronometeran instrument for measuring time accurately in spite of motion or variations in temperature, humidity, and air pressure
Colorimeteran instrument for measuring the intensity of colour
Commutatora device for reversing the direction of flow of electric current
Cryometera thermometer for measuring lower temperatures than a mercury thermometer will register
Cyclotronan apparatus in which charged atomic and subatomic particles are accelerated by an alternating electric field while following an outward spiral or circular path in a magnetic field
Dilatometerinstrument that measures volume changes caused by a physical or chemical process
Dyanamoa machine for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy
Dynamometeran instrument which measures the power output of an engine
Electronecephalograph (EEC)the measurement of electrical activity in different parts of the brain and its recording as a visual trace
Electrometeran instrument for measuring electrical potential without drawing any current from the circuit
Electroscopean instrument for detecting and measuring presence of electric charge
Electro microscopea microscope with high magnification and resolution to view very small objects
Endoscopean instrument to view internal parts of the body
Fathometera type of echo sounder – to measure depth of ocean
Fluxmeteran instrument for measuring magnetic-flux
Galvanometeran instrument for measuring small electric currents
Hydrometeran instrument for measuring the density of liquids
Hygrometeran instrument for measuring the humidity of the air or a gas
Hydrophonea microphone which detects sound waves under water
Hygroscopean instrument which gives an indication of the humidity of the air
Hypsometera device for calibrating thermometers at the boiling point of water at a known height above sea level
Kymographan instrument for recording variations in pressure, e.g. in sound waves or in blood within blood vessels
Lactometeran instrument for measuring the density of milk
Machmeteran instrument in an aircraft indicating airspeed as a Mach number
Magnetometeran instrument used for measuring magnetic forces
Manometeran instrument for measuring the pressure acting on a column of fluid
Micrometera gauge which measures small distances or thicknesses between its two faces
Microphonean instrument for converting sound waves into electrical energy variations which may then be amplified, transmitted, or recorded
Microscopean optical instrument used for viewing very small objects
Nephelometeran instrument for measuring the size and concentration of particles suspended in a liquid or gas
Ohmmeteran instrument for measuring electrical resistance
OndometerA meter for registering the frequency of electromagnetic waves
Periscopean optical instrument for viewing objects that are above the level of direct sight
Photometeran instrument for measuring the intensity of light
Polygrapha machine designed to detect and record changes in physiological characteristics, such as a person’s pulse and breathing rates
Pyknometerdevice used to determine the density of a liquid
Pyrheliometeran instrument for measurement of direct beam solar irradiance
Pyrometeran instrument for measuring high temperatures
Quadrantan instrument used for taking angular measurements of altitude in astronomy and navigation
Radara system for detecting the presence, direction, distance, and speed of aircraft, ships, by sending out pulses of radio waves which are reflected off the object back to the source
Radio Micrometeran instrument for measuring small amounts of radiant energy
Refractometeran instrument for measuring a refractive index
Salinometeran instrument for measuring the salinity of water
Sextantused for measuring the angular distances between objects
Spectroscopean apparatus for producing and recording spectra for examination.
Spectrometeran apparatus used for recording and measuring spectra
Spherometeran instrument for the precise measurement of the radius of a sphere.
Sphygmomanometeran instrument for measuring blood pressure
Stereoscopea device by which two photographs of the same object taken at slightly different angles are viewed together
Stethoscopea medical instrument for listening to the action of someone’s heart or breathing
Stroboscopean instrument for studying periodic motion
Tachometeran instrument which measures the working speed of an engine especially rotational speed of a shaft (used  in aeroplanes and motor-boats)
Tacheometera type of theodolite designed for the rapid measurement of distances, elevations, and directions
Tangent Galvanometeran instrument for measuring small electric currents
Telemeteran apparatus for recording the readings of an instrument & transmitting them by radio
Teleprintera device for transmitting telegraph messages as they are keyed, and for printing messages received
Telescopean optical instrument to view distant objects
Thermometeran instrument for measure temperature
Thermostata device that automatically regulates temperature
TonometerAn  instrument for measuring the pitch of musical tones
Transpondera device for receiving a radio signal and automatically transmitting reply
UdometerRain gauge
UltrasonoscopeMeasure and use ultrasonic sound; use to make an Ecogram to detect brain tumours, heart defects
VenturimeterMeasures the velocity, or flow rate, of fluid flowing through a pipeline
VernierMeasures small sub-division of scale
Viscometeran instrument for measuring the viscosity of liquids
Voltmeteran instrument for measuring electric potential between two points
Wattmetera meter for measuring electric power in watts
Wavemeterwavemeter is aninstrument used to measure the frequency of radio waves

You can download the Pdf of complete list of scientific instruments here.

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